Wind Energy Technology in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is renowned as a leader in the oil sector. It ranks second in the United States in terms of production. Its status as one of the largest oil exporters puts it at a point where it is almost impossible for other countries to compete. However, oil is a natural resource that can eventually be depleted. Also, with electric vehicles (EVs) wide acceptance, the country has been exploring other sources of power.  

Saudi Arabia and Renewable Energy

Saudi Arabia launched its National Renewable Energy Program (NREP) in 2016, when nearly all of its electricity was derived from fossil fuels. By 2021, renewables accounted for less than 0.1 percent of the country’s energy mix, as reported by Climate Transparency.

However, Saudi Arabia aims to elevate this figure to 50 percent by 2030 through the development of 58.7 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy capacity, with wind turbines contributing 16 GW. Endowed with abundant resources, including a lengthy coastline and expansive deserts, the nation is well-positioned to emerge as a model for wind energy advancement in the Middle East.

Saudi Arabia Wind Energy Projects

Neom Green Hydrogen Wind Project

The Neom Green Hydrogen Wind Project is a 1,370MW onshore wind power venture situated in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. In the city of NEOM on Saudi Arabia’s west coast, another wind power initiative with a capacity of 1,670 MW is in progress. Alongside solar energy, these wind turbines will supply power to an extensive green hydrogen production facility developed through a partnership between NEOM, Saudi utility Acwa Power, and U.S. industrial gasses producer Air Products.

Yanbu Wind Power Plant

The Yanbu Wind Power Plant, an 850 MW onshore wind energy project in Al Madinah, Saudi Arabia, is currently being developed by the Renewable Energy Project Development Office. It is slated to commence operations by 2025 and is presently at the announced stage of development. The Renewable Energy Project Development Office owns the project.

Yanbu Wind Farm

Located in Al Madinah, Saudi Arabia, the Yanbu Wind Farm boasts a capacity of 700 MW. This onshore wind project, currently in the announced stage, is anticipated to commence commercial operations by 2026. It is owned by Saudi Power Procurement, with development undertaken by the same entity.

Al Ghat Wind Farm

The Al Ghat Wind Farm, a 600 MW onshore wind power initiative slated for Al Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, is presently in the announced stage of development. Expected to be commissioned by 2026, the project is owned and developed by Saudi Power Procurement.

Waad Al-Shamal Wind Farm

The Waad Al-Shamal Wind Farm is a 500 MW onshore wind project being developed by Saudi Power Procurement. It is expected to be commissioned by 2026.

Dumat Al-Jandal Wind Power Project

The Dumat Al-Jandal wind farm aligns with Saudi Arabia’s objective to install 16GW of wind capacity and generate 50% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030.  It is located on a plateau in the Al Jouf region of northwestern Saudi Arabia, approximately 900 km north of Riyadh.

Final Words

Saudi Arabia has a good number of wind energy projects and farms. This only highlights Saudi Arabia’s commitment to exploring more clean, renewable energy.

Last Updated on March 20, 2024 by Nandini Shukla

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