Water Conservation in the UAE

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is one of the countries hit with water scarcity. The country’s rapidly increasing population and urban development are putting pressure on its resources, including water. 

Water Conservation Strategies 

The affluent lifestyle and lack of conservation practices by UAE residents have led to substantial water consumption and wastage. Reports indicate that per capita water usage in the UAE stands at 550 liters per person per day. This is higher than the global average of 250 liters per person daily. In the next decade, it could increase to 750 cubic liters. To make things worse, the UAE’s climate is characterized by high temperatures and humidity. 

The government has laid out some strategies to help with water conservation.

Water Generation

The UAE government has undertaken significant investments to ensure a constant supply of fresh water for urban residents. In the UAE, thermal desalination is the primary technology used to convert seawater into potable water.

Roughly 70 large-scale desalination plants fulfill at least 42% of the nation’s potable water demands. Additionally, numerous water treatment enterprises, including Advanced Watertek, offer water treatment and softening solutions to diverse sectors such as industries, businesses, farms, and other consumers. These solutions leverage various technologies such as reverse osmosis, filtration, and demineralization.


Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has focused on advocating for water conservation and encouraging responsible water management practices. They have organized numerous awareness campaigns. Furthermore, the authority incentivizes residents by providing reduced electricity and water rates during off-peak periods.

Strict Rules

The UAE has enforced strict regulations and directives aimed at promoting the responsible utilization of water and effective treatment of wastewater. Comprehensive laws govern the discharge of effluent, ensuring adherence to precise quality benchmarks to prevent adverse environmental effects.

Furthermore, the UAE has implemented detailed guidelines governing the utilization of treated water, delineating permissible applications and stipulating quality criteria. Rigorous standards are also in place concerning the quality of water distributed to households.

TSE Water

In the UAE, wastewater undergoes a comprehensive multi-stage treatment procedure to generate top-tier treated effluent. It is commonly referred to as TSE Water. This wastewater treatment process encompasses various stages, including screening, de-gritting, biological treatment, clarification, filtration, and disinfection.

TSE Water is used for public landscaping, golf course maintenance, and agricultural irrigation. Furthermore, numerous industrial and commercial operations embrace TSE Water as a viable and eco-friendly substitute for freshwater sources, owing to its cost-effectiveness and sustainability.

Greywater Recycling

Greywater recycling is increasingly recognized as an effective method for preserving water resources. Greywater encompasses wastewater derived from showers, baths, sinks, and laundry machines. Due to its relatively lower levels of contaminants compared to sewage, greywater is more straightforward to treat and recycle, presenting an appealing option for reuse.

Greywater recycling and reuse are primarily employed for non-potable purposes such as irrigation. The composition of grey wastewater varies depending on its source, whether it originates from the kitchen, bathroom, or laundry. After collection, the water undergoes filtration and is subsequently pumped into a storage tank, where it is preserved until required for reuse.

Final Words

Water scarcity is on the rise in the UAE. Hence, the Emirates has been putting different strategies in place to promote water conservation

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