Desalination technologies in Jordan

Jordan is one of the arid countries in the world, facing significant problems in meeting the water needs of its population. The country is turning to innovative solutions to ensure a sustainable water supply as traditional water sources become increasingly unreliable due to climate change and overuse. One of the most promising solutions is the adoption of desalination technologies in Jordan.

Desalination removes salts and other impurities from seawater or other water sources to produce water suitable for drinking and irrigation. This technology has enough potential to significantly boost Jordan’s water resources. Here’s a look at how desalination technologies in Jordan are making a difference.

Benefits of Desalination Technologies in Jordan

  1. Increased Water Supply: Desalination plants can provide a consistent and reliable source of freshwater.
  2. Drought Resilience: Desalination offers a buffer against drought conditions, ensuring a continuous water supply even during prolonged dry periods.
  3. Economic Growth: By securing a stable water supply, desalination can support economic activities, particularly in agriculture and tourism, which are vital sectors for Jordan’s economy.
  4. Technological Innovation: Investing in desalination technologies can drive technological advancements and create job opportunities in the country.


What types of desalination technologies are used in Jordan?

In Jordan, the primary desalination technologies include reverse osmosis (RO) and multi-stage flash (MSF) distillation. Reverse osmosis is the most common method, where seawater is passed through a semipermeable membrane to remove salts and impurities. MSF distillation involves heating seawater and then condensing the vapor to produce fresh water.

How does reverse osmosis work?

Reverse osmosis works by applying pressure to seawater, pushing it through a semipermeable membrane. The membrane allows water molecules to flow while blocking salts and other impurities. The result is fresh water on one side of the membrane and concentrated brine on the other.

Are there any existing desalination plants in Jordan?

Yes, Jordan has implemented several small-scale desalination projects, particularly in coastal areas like Aqaba. These projects serve as models for larger-scale desalination plants planned for the future.

What are the environmental impacts of desalination technologies in Jordan?

Desalination may have environmental impacts, such as the discharge of concentrated brine into the sea, which can affect marine life. However, modern desalination plants are designed to minimize these impacts through improved technologies and better waste management practices.

How much does it cost to produce desalinated water in Jordan?

The cost of producing desalinated water varies depending on the technology and scale of the plant. Generally, reverse osmosis is more cost-effective compared to other methods. The cost is also influenced by energy prices, as desalination technologies are energy-intensive.

How is Jordan addressing the energy demands of desalination?

Jordan is exploring renewable energy, such as solar and wind power, to meet the many demands of desalination plants. Integrating renewable energy can reduce costs and environmental impacts, making desalination more sustainable.

What is the future of desalination technologies in Jordan?

The future looks promising as Jordan plans to expand its desalination capacity. Projects like the Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project aim to provide significant volumes of fresh water through desalination, addressing long-term water needs and supporting economic growth.


Desalination technologies in Jordan are a crucial part of the country’s strategy to overcome water scarcity. By investing in these technologies, Jordan is taking proactive steps to ensure a reliable and sustainable water supply for its people. As advancements continue, desalination will play an increasingly vital role in securing Jordan’s water future.

Last Updated on June 16, 2024 by Ahmed Alam

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